Rk merton robert king merton was a distinguished sociologist perhaps best known for having coined the phrase self-fulfilling prophecy he also coined many other phrases that have gone into everyday use, such as role model and unintended consequences. Strain theory was developed by american sociologist robert k merton it is rooted in the functionalist perspective on deviance and connected to émile durkheim's theory of anomie in merton's theory of strain, societies are composed of two core aspects: culture and social structure. Deviance: robert merton it was durkheim who used the concept of anomie to refer to a situation of normlessness, where there is a lack of cultural guides to behaviour that can regulate the actions of individuals, or alternately, a situation in which a person's unlimited aspirations exceed the opportunities available to them. This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory drawing togeth. Create your citations, reference lists and bibliographies automatically using the apa, mla, chicago, or harvard referencing styles it's fast and free.
Inherently in its nature, institutional anomie theory has some similarities to robert merton and robert agnew's strain theory of crime and deviance strain theory asserts that there is a discrepancy between culturally defined goals and the means available to achieve these goals. Robert k merton on social structure and science, the heritage of sociology (edited and with an introduction by piotr sztompka) chicago and london: university of chicago press, 1996 the travels and adventures of serendipity: a study in sociological semantics and the sociology of science (with elinor barber. Robert king merton (1910-2003) is a self-styled durkheimian, writing very much in the functional tradition in conceiving of society as a system it becomes natural to see it, like other systems, as composed of parts that are interrelated and whose operations have consequences on the whole. When it comes to explaining crime and deviance, there are a couple theories that sociologists always teach, and one of them is merton's strain theory robert merton (1910-2003) was probably the foremost american sociologist his strain theory starts with the general assumption that societies.
Cohen's research and resulting theory were a reaction to the limitations and oversimplifications he saw in robert merton's strain theory, according to the university of portsmouth cohen agreed that criminal behavior was in part the result of the strain of being unable to accomplish one's goals, but he disagreed with merton's hypothesis that. Robert merton: anomie theory (sometimes also termed strain theory or means-ends theory) in one of the most famous articles in sociology, its first version written in the 1940s, robert merton begins by addressing biological explanations of deviance and concludes that biology cannot account for variations from one society to the next in the nature and extent of deviance. Video for sociology a2 about robert merton's strain theory and crime and deviance.
In merton's (1938) strain theory social structures account for the criminal tendencies found in offenders individuals adjust to societal pressures in five distinct ways adaptation i, which entails conforming to both culture norms and means, is the most common. Merton's strain theory whereas durkheim's explanations were a reflection of the social conditions that were occurring in france at the time of his writing, robert merton's contribution towards offering an analysis of social order was enormously influenced by the social and economic character of american society. Robert merton presented two not always clearly differentiated theories in his seminal explorations on the social-structure-and-anomie paradigm: a strain theory and an anomie theory a one-sided focus on merton's strain theory in the secondary literature has unnecessarily restricted the power and effectiveness of merton's anomie theory.
The durkheim and merton page this page explore the relationship between the theories of emile durkheim and robert king mertonwe started it with an essay by kevin davis (2005), this has been developed using other student's work. Strain theory, in sociology, proposal that pressure derived from social factors, such as lack of income or lack of quality education, drives individuals to commit crime the ideas underlying strain theory were first advanced in the 1930s by american sociologist robert k merton, whose work on the. Robert king merton was a distinguished american sociologist perhaps best known for having coined the phrase self-fulfilling prophecy, the explanation for how a belief or an expectation, correct or incorrect, affects the outcome of a situation or the way a person or a group will behave.
Robert merton's contribution to sociology is one of great importance in regards to the functional perspective of society merton and other functionalists viewed society as an organism with various. Robert k merton was born meyer r schkolnick on july 4, 1910, in philadelphia, into a working class eastern european jewish immigrant family educated in the south philadelphia high school, he became a frequent visitor of the nearby andrew carnegie library, the academy of music, central library. Anomie and modes of adaptation in criminality psychology , research papers 1,145 views robert k merton's article is based on a sociological theory which is in relation to the criminology and also explains a state of behavior different from the norm, otherwise known as deviance. Strain theory suggests that the reason for deviant behavior is a situation in which there is an apparent lack of fit between the culture's norms about what constitutes success in life (goals) and the culture's norms about the appropriate ways to achieve those goals (means.
With refernce to robert merton strain theory explain deviance essay deviance in the society in light of this comment it is the purpose of this write up to explain the occurrence of deviance in society using the strain theory. Social structure and anomie robert k merton harvard university t here persists a notable tendency in sociological theory to attribute the malfunctioning of social structure primarily to those of man's.
According to robert merton's strain theory, what outcome is likely when people accept society's goals and have the approved means to reach them conformity richard cloward and lloyd ohlin extended merton's strain theory, arguing that whether or not a person becomes a criminal depends not only on the lack of legitimate opportunity, such as. A sociology essay prompt: discuss how robert merton's strain theory fits into the functionalist theory of deviance and crime critically evaluate strain theory and the functionalist theory of deviance and crime from the perspective of conflict, feminist and symbolic interactionist theories. I dont know whether you find it easier with a website or if i try and explain itwell i will try both =s mertons theory is: he thinks there is a poor fit between the socially accpeted goals of society and the socially approved means of obtaining those goals.