Suspects were not intoxicated at the time of the encounter, 40% of suspects were armed, and the majority of suspects showed signs of mental instability, approximately 95% of suspects displayed violent behavior, particularly toward the officer (white & ready, 2007, p180 white. To a newspaper article the police report will contain information that answers the following questions: who, what, when, where, why, how this is based upon what the officers see, hear, smell, and experience at the scene. Reasonable suspicion is the legal standard by which a police officer has the right to briefly detain a suspect for investigatory purposes and frisk the outside of their clothing for weapons though it does not require hard evidence, it does require more than just a hunch. Police encounters with suspects and evidencediscuss and explain the steps officer taylor is on routine nighttime patrol when she notices a vehicle pass her driven by an african american female the vehicle appears to have a broken taillight that appears to be covered with colored tape.
Essay about police encounters with suspects and evidence unit 2 project police encounters with suspects and evidence case study: officer smith is on routine night time patrol when he notices the vehicle in front of him appears to have a broken taillight which appears to be covered with colored tape. The following case study presents issues related to various levels of police encounters with a suspect and potential criminal evidence and the legal justification required for those encounterscase study:officer taylor is on routine nighttime patrol when she notices a vehicle pass her driven by an african american female. Read cnn's fast facts about controversial police encounters. Detention short of arrest: stop and frisk the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the.
- this essay discusses the effects of the police organizational culture on a police officer's ability to make independent decisions every culture is composed of four elements: values, norms, beliefs, and expressive symbols (peterson, 1979, p 137. Academiaedu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Plain-view doctrine the rule permitting a police officer's warrantless seizure and use as evidence of an item observed in plain view from a lawful position or during a legal search when the item is evidence of a crime.
Published: mon, 5 dec 2016 police decision-making relies on a myriad of factors to include the individual officer's characteristics, the environment the officer works in, the characteristics of the offender, the situation the officer finds themselves in, and the organization that influences them. In these potentially violent encounters with suspects, there was no disparity in how likely officers from the houston police department were to shoot black suspects and white suspects here's how. The researchers found that most applications of force were minimal, with officers using their hands, arms or bodies to push or pull against a suspect to gain control, and most injuries were minor and involved bruises, strains and abrasions. Open document below is an essay on police encounters with suspects and evidence from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. The ensuing debate has largely centered on whether the disproportionate number of black deaths was a result of police racism or the relatively high rate of crime in black neighborhoods, which brings black men into more frequent, and more fraught, encounters with the police.
Law of criminal evidence case law general essay the burden of proof or onus probandi is the obligation to shift the accepted conclusion away from an oppositional opinion to one's own position there are two kinds of obligation namely the legal burden and the evidential burden. In this essay, i will identify the levels of police encounter involved in the case study i will describe the legal requirements needed to justify each encounter i will analyze the facts in the case study against each level of encounter to determine if officer smith was justified. Police training starts in the academy, where the concept of officer safety is so heavily emphasized that it takes on almost religious significance. Regarding police encounters in routine traffic stops once you become aware you are being told to pull over, wave and let the police know via hand gestures that you acknowledge them without speeding up.
The experiment's 102 subjects, a mixture of police officers, combat veterans and civilians, were run through a random sample of 60 scenarios drawn from actual police encounters. Abstract: this essay examines how and why police use force when encountering violent suspects the essay describes several the essay describes several factors that contribute to the success or failure of officers involved in these encounters. Discuss police encounters with individuals and the required level of police suspicion needed to justify these encounters we will learn about consensual encounters, traffic stops, terry stops, and arrests. The three tiers of police-citizen encounters are the subject of today's training video i cover consensual encounters, investigative detentions and arrests, breaking down some of the key elements to each.
Police and evidence-based policing evidence-based policing is a style of policing that uses research to create or change polices to increase effectiveness lawrence w sherman, an academic criminologist, is credited with making the term evidence-based policing (ebpp) popular. Ity of police encounters with juveniles are in response to minor offenses that involve an order maintenance function of law enforcement (friedman, lurigio, greenleaf, & albertson, 2004. The usual suspects when it was released in 1995, the usual suspects was hailed as original, inventive, and, most of all, unpredictable having now seen this movie well over a dozen times, i can say that its impact is just as powerful today as it was the first time i saw it.
It found that police are no more likely to shoot a black suspect than a white suspect in encounters in which using deadly force could be deemed justified — such as when suspects attack officers. Police use of force has been heavily scrutinized for more than a year after fatal police encounters with unarmed black men in new york city, ferguson, mo, baltimore and other parts of the us. Officer smith had reasonable suspicion which is based on the totality of the circumstances as understood by those versed in the field of law enforcement it is commonly described as something more than a hunch but less than probable cause.