1 - at the east timor scale, it is a veritable holocaust,with more than 40 % of the whole people elimated during the first six years of occupation. In early october indonesian troops began launching cross border raids into east timor from the indonesian territory of west timor, hoping to provoke a response that would justify a full-scale invasion. As a founder and former member of the revolutionary front for an independent east timor (fretilin), ramos-horta served as the exiled spokesman for the east timorese resistance during the years of the indonesian occupation of east timor (1975 to 1999. The success of east timor independence is founded on the nonviolent protests that occurred after violent tactics proved futile events leading up to invasion - 300 years of portuguese rule. In 2009, i took a small film crew to east timor to make the feature film balibo, a story depicting the events surrounding the indonesian invasion of this newly independent nation in 1975.
Evans dismissed concerns about indonesia's invasion and occupation of east timor, saying that 'the world is a pretty unfair place littered over the course of the decades and the centuries with examples of acquisitions by force which have proved to be, for whatever reason, irreversible. 1 east timor under indonesian occupation, 1975-99 peter carey the new nation on 20 may 2002, east timor became the world's youngest sovereign state. East timor — history and culture save prior to the colonization of east timor by the portuguese and dutch in the second half of the 18th century, the island was a trading hub for chinese and indians dealing slaves, wax, honey, and sandalwood.
The long night of indonesian occupation: east timor arrived at its moment of crisis in 1974-75 having been largely irrelevant to global cold war political calculations and of regional concern only to indonesia and australia. The vast bulk of the documents declassified for the cavr by the indonesia-east timor documentation project concern the period immediately leading up to and following the indonesian invasion of east timor (1975 through 1978), as well as the months leading up to and following east timor's 1999 vote for independence. Friends, relatives and parents of'indonesian soldiers in east timor learn either through direct accounts or through the death of those soldiers that war continues in east timor. During the occupation indonesia was seen for most of the time as being a flag-bearer of anti-communism in south east asia, and so due to that there was an heavy support from countries such as usa, australia and west germany, while timor leste more pro communism was supported by pr china. The us supplied weapons to indonesia during the invasion and the subsequent occupation a week after the invasion of east timor, the national security council prepared a detailed analysis which found that the vast majority of the military equipment was us supplied.
At the time of the indonesian invasion of east timor in 1975 falintil consisted of 2,500 regular troops, 7,000 who had some portuguese military training, and 10,000 who had attended short military instruction courses, for a total of 20,000. The indonesian dictator sought and received us approval before he launched his invasion of east timor ninety percent of the weapons used in this illegal attack came from the us in the face of broad domestic opposition as his economic miracle had collapsed in 1998, he finally stepped down. Douglas kammen, whose previous work addresses mass violence in east timor during the indonesian occupation (1975-99), picks up the thread of violence in this book and traces if back through three hundred years with a micro-history of the kingdom (and, subsequently, a sub-district) of maubara, for much of its history a very small place in a. During the 24 years of indonesian occupation the indonesian language became official and young people were indoctrinated in state ideology as well as many roads and other infrastructure were established in east timor. Indonesia's occupation of east timor from 1975 to 1999 caused an unknown number of deaths due to violence and starvation in the first few years alone casualty estimates.
The second argument for east timor being considered an indonesian province is that even if the people of east timor did not exercise their right of self-determination, east timor is a part of indonesia by virtue of effective occupation. East timor was a portuguese colony and has gain independence from portugal in november 1975 less than 10 days later indonesia invade the new nation and made it one of it provinces therefore, east timor fought for their independence. November 24th, 2015 indonesia and timor-leste: from occupation to cooperation in a recent interview, timor-leste's prime minister rui maria de araujo characterised the relationship between timor-leste and indonesia as 'mature', having steadily improved over the thirteen years since timor-leste's independence. The deaths of the balibo five, as they became known, and allegations of murder became a lingering sore point in australia-indonesian relations during indonesia's occupation of east timor.
See also indonesian invasion of east timor references nino konis santana nino konis santana (born 12 january 1957 in vero, tutuala , lautém district , d 11 march 1998 in ermera district ) was an east timorese freedom fighter who led the fretilin militia between april 1993 and his death in march 1998 during the indonesian occupation of east. I have just visited timor leste, 16 years after my last visit it was a study in contrasts i went to contribute to a conference at the national university of timor-lorosa'e, where one theme was the role of western nations during the 1975 indonesian invasion and 24 years of occupation. On dec 7, 1975, indonesia ruthlessly stormed the shores of neighboring east timor and started a savage war against the population there over the next five years, an estimated 200,000 people (one third of the population) were killed by shootings, bombings and systematic starvation policies carried out by the indonesian military. On 28 november, with the indonesian invasion imminent, fretilin leaders declared independence, establishing the democratic republic of east timor 5 invasion on 7 december 1975 indonesian armed forces invaded.